Are Employers Required to Provide Employees with Time off Work in Relation to Queen Elizabeth II’s Passing?
September 9, 2022
On September 8, 2022, Buckingham Palace announced the passing of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen ascended to the throne on February 6, 1952, and reigned over the United Kingdom, Canada, and several Commonwealth realms for more than 70 years.
Queen Elizabeth II also served as Canada’s Head of State. The relationship between the monarchy and Canada’s government officials (including the Prime Minister, Governor General, Lieutenant-Governor, and Members of Parliament) is guided by the Manual of Official Procedure of the Government of Canada.
Will There Be a Holiday in Relation to Queen Elizabeth II’s Passing?
Notwithstanding speculation in the media, it is unclear at this time whether any holidays will be proclaimed in relation to the Queen’s passing. The Federal Government and the Government of Ontario are not required to proclaim a holiday during the mourning period following the death of the sovereign. Instead, the Manual of Official Procedure of the Government of Canada states that it is customary that the federal government declare a national holiday on the date of the deceased sovereign’s funeral. Holidays were proclaimed in such a fashion after the passing of King George V in 1936 and King George VI in 1952.
If a holiday is declared by the Federal Government, the holiday will likely apply to only federally regulated employers unless a provincially regulated employer has specific policy or collective agreement language suggesting otherwise. Provincial governments may nevertheless follow suit and proclaim corresponding holidays. Any holiday proclaimed in this way would apply to provincially regulated employers in that province.
However, because the Queen’s funeral will likely fall on Sunday, September 18, 2022, the Federal Government and the provincial and territorial governments may elect to not proclaim a holiday at all.
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We will continue to monitor relevant government pronouncements and provide updates regarding any proposed or proclaimed holidays in relation to the passing of Queen Elizabeth II. Our Firm also extends its sincere condolences to all members of the Royal Family.
Need More Information?
For more information, contact 416.408.3221 or your regular lawyer at the firm.
Filion Wakely Thorup Angeletti LLP thanks Brendan Egan for his assistance in preparing this article.
UPDATE: On Saturday, September 10, 2022, the Royal Family announced that the State Funeral for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II will be held on Monday, September 19, 2022. On September 13, 2022, the Prime Minister announced his intention to declare September 19, 2022, as a holiday for employees of the Federal Government. Federally regulated employers have the option of similarly treating September 19, 2022, as a holiday in line with the Canada Labour Code (as well as any applicable collective agreement requirements). The Government of Ontario has confirmed that there will be a "provincial day of mourning in lieu of a provincial holiday" to mark the Queen's passing. We are continuing to monitor this development and will provide updates as they occur.